Methods of dating archaeological sites

Context is critical to understanding the significance of artifacts.

This determined by the position of excavated objects compared to other objects and the remains of buildings and other structures.

[Source: David Silverman, Reed College, Classics 373 ~ History 393 Class ^*^] “The laws of physics determine what sort of objects survive in the ground through centuries of time.

They dig into the earth---a process known as excavating’searching for artifacts (objects) from an ancient people and try to date and figure the significance of these artifacts.Past Horizons : online magazine site covering archaeology and heritage news as well as news on other science fields; The Archaeology Channel explores archaeology and cultural heritage through streaming media; Ancient History Encyclopedia : is put out by a non-profit organization and includes articles on pre-history; Best of History Websites is a good source for links to other sites; Essential Humanities essential-humanities.net: provides information on History and Art History, including sections Prehistory Looting ancient sites and digging up graves to find treasures has been around since the beginning of civilization but painstakingly excavated sites and carefully studying what is there---archaeology, in other words---is a relatively new idea. Many objects obtained in the Middle East were obtained through the Ottoman patronage system. Andre Lero-Gourhan revolutionized the practice of excavations by recognizing that vertical digs destroy the context of a site.The modern science of archaeology was invented in the 17th century. Over 20 years (1964-1984) he and his students painstakingly excavated “scraping away the soil in small horizontal squares and making notes of where everything was located” the 12,000-year-old site of Pincevent, offering of the most detailed picture up to that point of life in the Paleolithic period.It tells us certain things definitively: where people lived; what kinds of houses they lived in; how many of their houses were clustered together (in other words, the size of their villages) and how close or far apart from one another they lived; what they ate (based upon the analysis of animal and fish bones in their garbage heaps); how they disposed of dead people; and what kinds of implements they used, especially pottery, stone objects, and weapons.There are some other kinds of questions about which archaeology gives us clues but no definitive answers.

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